Adaptiv Theory of Multiple Skills Proficiency
How can we close the problem of skill gap that is manifesting itself across countries and industries, and leading to increasing unemployment? Is it a chasm, as perceived by many, or a series of potholes that can be filled with a smarter, personalised approach, backed by the power of psychometric science and AI?
The term skill gap refers to the difference between the skills required for jobs, and the skills that a person actually possesses. This skill gap manifests itself at the workplace, but also in educational institutes, as people sign up for courses with a skill deficiency, leading to a unsatisfactory result at the end of the course. As the race between education and technology heats up, both schools and companies are struggling to find the right candidates.
Studies conducted in 2019 estimated that the world could lose up to 11.5 trillion USD in GDP growth over the next decade, if the skill gap isn’t reduced.
As a result, countries have launched various reskilling and upskilling programs. However, the focus has been to fix the gap for technical skills, treating the gap as a giant chasm to be filled with specialised skills in technology. In reality, the gap is more like a series of potholes, spread over a wide range of skills, including soft skills and digital skills. The skill gap is in fact a reflection of the evolution of jobs and roles, and not just an outcome of the arrival of automation and disruptive technologies like blockchain and AI.
Take for example, the role of software engineers. In the past, they were required to focus only on coding, but their role has evolved today to include communication and visual presentation skills. Engineers are required to collaborate with others, make presentations and even interact with clients. Similarly content writers were expected to simply have strong language skills and have basic digital skills in MS Word. Today, their skills portfolio is also expected to include more advanced digital skills, an understanding of basic UI and Ux concepts, as well above average comfort level with platforms like Canva, Airtable etc.
According to Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences everyone has varying degrees of proficiency across eight intelligences (Linguistic, Logical/Mathematical, Spatial, Bodily-Kinesthetic, Musical, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, and Naturalist). By that very logic, everyone has at least some degree of proficiency in the different skills required to succeed in the new economy. A person can have excellent business and communication skills, but average digital skills. Or be an extremely agile learner who can think creatively and has excellent digital skills, but subpar skills in communication.
What is thus required is not a one shoes fits all kind of a solution, but a more personalised approach that allows individuals to understand their strengths and weaknesses, and upskill in the areas where they are deficient.
The skills tests developed by Adaptiv use psychometric expertise and AI to help individuals identify their core skills, and choose paths that will enable them to efficiently fill their skill gaps.